LEARN THE BASIC STEPS FOR GOOD DAILY SKIN CARE: SERUMS
Serums are light, easily absorbed oil or water-based liquids that you apply on your skin. Serums are not moisturizers! Just a few drops of this highly concentrated formulation on the surface of your skin quickly delivers an intensive dose of ingredients that can address common skin complaints. Serums are typically applied to skin after cleansing but before moisturizing.
Not all serums work the same. How well they work depends on several factors, including the active ingredients, the product formulation, the way in which the product is delivered, and the stability of the compounds in the product. Remember, these are powerful ingredients that can irritate sensitive skin! Always test a small area before you apply a serum widely, and never use more than a couple of drops. And make sure to close all tops tightly on any serum product when finished.
Serums can be used to treat a wide range of conditions, including brown spots, wrinkles, and dry or acne-prone skin.
Dry or sagging skin:
Look for serums that contain vitamin E, niacinamide, and glycolic acid. Also look for ceramides, which are fatty molecules that help hold the skin together and keep moisture from escaping.
Dark spots or blotchy skin:
A serum that contains vitamin C, vitamin E, and ferulic acid can help with discoloration. In addition to those ingredients, look for kojic acid to help lighten dark patches or glycolic acid (a gentle exfoliant) to help brighten the skin and reduce brown spots.
If you’re still plagued with occasional breakouts and acne, you’ll want to choose a serum with salicylic acid, which helps to unclog pores, and a product with retinol, to reduce inflammation and help prevent pores from clogging.
Wrinkles and signs of aging:
Look for a serum that contains vitamin C, vitamin E, and ferulic acid, a trio of antioxidants that reduce stress to the skin caused by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light. Vitamin C is also recommended to stimulate new collagen growth.
Other good serum options for wrinkles are those containing antioxidants such as tea polyphenols and resveratrol. Retinol, which reduces inflammation is another good option, as is niacinamide, which improves skin elasticity and can soften fine lines and wrinkles.
Come back next week when we talk about the final step in the good skin care regimen, creams and moisturizers!
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