Now that we have identified your skin type, let’s talk about he daily skin care regiment. Good skin care starts with daily cleansing in the AM and PM. You should be cleansing for at least 2 minutes with a washcloth or facial brush. I like the Clarisonic, but there are many available options. This serves to manually exfoliate your top layer of skin and allow the healthy layers to move to the surface.
Earlier we discussed normal skin. Clients with this skin type have many options. I prefer a Vitamin“C” cleanser. It helps to exfoliate and give your skin a glow. I like to alternate the cleansers I use: some days a Vitamin C, others a milk cleanser or a seasonal cleanser (such as pumpkin).
If you have combination skin, you may need to use products that specifically address your issues. Most skin care lines offer products for this skin type.
Clients with “dry skin” should use a creamy cleanser such as milk cleanser which will wash away impurities and not dry your skin.
If you have oily skin, a cleanser containing salicylic acid is helpful in reducing sebum production causing oily skin. If you find this is too irritating, green tea cleansers can be less irritating.
For clients with sensitive skin, I recommend a gentle milk cleanser which may contain rose water to gently cleanse the skin and not cause irritation.
We briefly discussed exfoliation earlier. You should understand that on the average we renew our skin surface every 10 days. Age, diet, poor health or lack of daily skin care can slow the cell renewal. Exfoliation, either manual or chemical, improves cell turnover and thus the production of new healthy cells. Exfoliation can be manual, either by daily cleansing, microdermabrasion or hydrafacial. Exfoliation can also be done chemically with acid peels. All of these rejuvenate and maintain the health of your skin.
There are several types of skin toners:
Skin fresheners contain little or no alcohol, water and a humectant (substance which helps retain moisture in your skin). An example is rose water. Skin fresheners are recommended for dry, normal or sensitive skin.
Skin tonics are slightly stronger with up to 20% alcohol, water and a humectant. Orange flower water is an example. Skin tones are recommended for normal, combination or oily skin.
Astringents are the stronger forms of toner and contain 20-60% alcohol, antiseptics, water and a humectant. These can be irritating to the skin and are only recommended in limited cases.
Toners used in skin care are designed to further cleanse your skin after washing with a cleanser. They can be applied with a cotton ball, gauze or spray
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